Called linothrax, it was made by layering linen and glue

An Ancient Textile and Popular Modern Fabric

There is something almost magical about linen. It promotes a feeling of peace and tranquility. Its purity was beloved by the Ancient Egyptians, though the history of its use predates the pharaohs by tens of thousands of years. It is mentioned in the buy canada goose jacket cheap Bible and the New Testament.

It is used for clothing, as a surface for painting, and as a bedding material is thought to promote a most Canada Goose online restful sleep. Some psychologists believe that linen can help prevent depression and anxiety.

Canada Goose online Linen is a fabric made from the flax plant: Linum usitatissimum, an herbaceous canada goose store plant that produces blue flowers. Though sheets and tablecloths may be referred to as “linens” they may actually be cotton canadian goose jacket or a blend of fabrics that may or may not include linen. Authentic linen products are labelled “100% linen.” Canada Goose online

Linen keeps the body cooler than cotton and has canada goose black friday sale slight antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. Tests performed by Dr. V. Vadkovskaya in the mid 20th century measured skin temperatures of men wearing cotton or linen. The skin of the men wearing linen was 3 4 degrees cooler than the skin of men wearing cotton.

From Flax to LinenFlax grows wild from North Africa to Eastern and Central Europe, and Eastern Asia. It Canada Goose Outlet is one of the oldest plants in cultivation and needs 100 days from germination to maturation. The type of flax grown for fabric is not the same one that is canada goose used for the seeds that we eat. Flax grown to produce fiber has a straight stalk, while the type used for seeds usually shows more branching.

A bast fiber, linen is obtained from a part of the plant that grows canada goose outlet between the outer surface and inner core.

canada goose In his Natural History, Pliny the Elder states, “No plant grows more easily than flax,” and adds that no other plant grows more quickly. It can grow on land that is not adequate for other types of agricultural products and can canada goose coats on sale grow at higher altitudes. However, flax does deplete nutrients from the soil. canada goose

cheap canada goose uk It grows best canada goose deals in a cool damp environment, that is why the best linen is from Ireland and Belgium. In warmer areas, flax is grown during the cooler months. In Egypt, it was (and still is) planted in early Spring and harvested in early Summer. cheap canada goose uk

The flax plant is harvested when it begins to brown. Pulling the plant up by its roots produces a long fiber and prevents the loss of sap. The harvested plants are dried for several buy canada goose jacket weeks before threshing, which removes the seeds and seed pods. Seeds can be used for linseed oil, a component of artists’ oil paints and varnishes.

Then the fibers are retted or soaked in slowly moving water like a stream or a cement tank. This removes soil canada goose coats and other impurities. In a simple process called dew retting, the flax is laid out in fields but the final product is of a lesser quality.

canada goose uk outlet The retted flax is stored for several weeks and takes about a month to cure. canada goose uk outlet

canada goose store Next, the flax is scraped in a process called scutching or breaking to remove the woody bits and soften the fiber. canada goose store

The flax is then heckled or combed through a bed of nails (thorns in antiquity) to split the fibers. The product can then be spun, then woven.

The fibers produced from flax come in shades of gray and brown. Heavy bleaching creates the pure white shade that we often associate with linen.

canada goose clearance sale Linen and Flax in AntiquityArcheological excavations in the Czech Republic unearthed clay objects that show imprints of flax fibers that are 28,000 years old. Flax fibers from the Republic of Georgia have been dated at 34,000 years old! canada goose clearance sale

Ancient flax was used for cording, sails, bandages, tents, awnings, and garments.

Canada Goose Coats On Sale The oldest preserved piece of linen clothing is thought to be a ceremonial hat dated from about 6500 BCE Canada Goose Coats On Sale

The oldest preserved linen garment is a linen shirt from an Ancient Egyptian tomb dating to 3000 BCE. The garment features pleating in the shoulders and sleeves for ease of movement and is on display at the Petrie Museum at University College in London. (Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie concentrated his investigations on artifacts used in the daily life of Ancient Egypt.)

cheap Canada Goose While linen was in use throughout the Mediterranean area and up into Central and Eastern Europe, it was the Ancient Egyptians who perfected the manufacture cheap Canada Goose of fine linen. They were able to create weaves fine enough to pass through Canada Goose Parka a ring, and weaves so fine that they were transparent. The finest weaves were reserved for nobility and the upper classes. The fabric was produced in workshops and was widely traded, even used as currency. Large bolts of linen were often found in the tombs of the pharaohs. cheap Canada Goose

canada goose black friday sale Linen is mentioned in the Egyptian Book of the Dead. Several versions of the Book of the Dead which can be loosely translated as The Book of Emerging Forth Into the Light were written for rituals to assist the deceased into the after canada goose clearance life. Sections of this book have been found inscribed on linen shrouds. canada goose black friday sale

Canada Goose Jackets Evidence of woven flax appears in Priam’s Troy of 1259 BCE (Turkey). In Ancient Greece flax grown in Peloponnesus was made into linen. Between the 7th to the 4th century BCE, Greek men and women wore a chiton, usually a knee length for men, ankle length for women. (The Doric chiton was made of wool whle the Ionic chiton was made of linen. Finer weaves could be draped and bloused out over a belt. Canada Goose Jackets

Linen as ArmorSeveral archeological studies suggest that linen was used in the Mediterranean area as body armor. Called linothrax, it was made by layering linen and glue. Linothrax appears in ancient images and was mentioned by Plutarch as well as appearing in other written record.

Alexander the Great is depicted in the Alexander Mosaic of Pompeii which is a copy of another, much older artwork. Linothrax would have been a lightweight armor, much more comfortable than armor made of metal. Metal armor heats up in the hot sun while linen keeps the body cool.

buy canada goose jacket Linen in The Bible and New TestamentWhen Joseph became the Prime Minister in Egypt, he was “arrayed in vestures of fine linen.” And when Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt centuries later, they carried with them linen drapes and bolts of linen for clothing and tents. buy canada goose jacket

Canada Goose sale Leviticus forbids the blending of wool and linen. (Lev. 19:19) Canada Goose sale

canadian goose jacket In the New Testament, Jesus was wrapped in linen after canada goose clearance sale being taken down from the cross. Mark 15:46 states, “And he brought fine linen and took Him down, and wrapped Him in linen, and laid Him in a sepulcher which was hewn of rock.” Luke, and John also mention this use of linen as a burial shroud for Jesus. canadian goose jacket

Canada Goose Outlet Revelations states, “And the armies which were in heaven followed Him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen.” (Rev. 19:14) Canada Goose Outlet

uk canada goose outlet And in Rev 19:8, “It was given her to clothe herself in fine linen, bright and clean for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.” uk canada goose outlet.